December 2, 2023


Science Of Woman

How To Deal with A Sunburn

11 min read

Regardless of all we’re instructed about solar safety, multiple third of adults admit to getting sunburned up to now 12 months. Whereas the quick signs of a sunburn are solely short-term, the long-term injury is everlasting and might emerge years later. Learn on for our information to caring for sunburned pores and skin, together with the signs of sunburned pores and skin, the levels of sunburned pores and skin and how one can stop it from occurring within the first place.

What Causes A Sunburn? | Why Are Sunburns Harmful? | Sunburn Stages | Symptoms | How To Protect Your Skin | Ingredients To Use

What Causes A Sunburn?

A sunburn is pores and skin injury brought on by ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the solar. When your pores and skin is uncovered to UV rays, it releases a pigment referred to as melanin to guard itself. Melanin acts as a pure sunscreen by absorbing and redistributing the power from UV rays. Nevertheless, it could possibly solely present a lot safety – if you’re spending an excessive amount of time within the solar, your tan can rapidly turn out to be a sunburn. 

While you expertise sunburn, your physique produces chemical substances referred to as inflammatory mediators which improve blood stream within the affected space(s). This motion produces a sunburn’s attribute redness, heat and swelling. When you might instantly discover a pink hue and rise in temperature, it takes as much as 24 hours for a sunburn’s full results to set in. In different phrases, don’t be stunned in case your slight burn has turned 50 shades of crimson by day two.

UVA Vs. UVB Rays

Relating to UV radiation, there are two sorts of rays that trigger pores and skin injury: UVA and UVB. Right here’s how they differ.

UVA Rays

UVA rays account for as much as 95 % of the UV radiation that reaches the Earth’s floor. They’re current with equal depth all through the day and penetrate the pores and skin extra deeply than UVB rays. The sort of radiation performs a key position in photoaging: It alters the DNA of cells within the dermis, inflicting injury to structural proteins like collagen and elastin. With a weakened construction, the pores and skin begins to sag and develop positive traces and wrinkles.

UVB Rays

UVB rays trigger injury within the pores and skin’s extra superficial layers and are accountable for pores and skin reddening and sunburn. They’re additionally extra intently linked with the event of pores and skin most cancers. The depth of UVB rays varies by season, location and time of day. These rays are at peak depth between 10am and 4pm from April to October however have the potential to break pores and skin year-round. Not like UVA rays, they can’t go via glass and can mirror again in direction of the pores and skin, hitting it twice and inflicting much more injury.

UVA Vs UVB Rays Infographic

Why Are Sunburns Dangerous?

So, why are sunburns so unhealthy? Other than their quick ache and discomfort, sunburns additionally trigger long-lasting injury to the pores and skin. Sunburns contribute to untimely growing older within the type of positive traces, wrinkles, sagging pores and skin and solar spots. In addition they play a serious position within the improvement of pores and skin most cancers. Based on the Skin Cancer Foundation, the danger for melanoma doubles in case you have had greater than 5 sunburns, and one in 5 Individuals will develop pores and skin most cancers by age 70.

Sunburn Severity

Sunburns can vary in severity, from delicate burns that fade rapidly to extreme burns that may require a visit to the hospital:


Mild sunburns usually final between three and 5 days. They’re accompanied by redness, tenderness and slight ache.


Reasonable sunburns are typically extra painful and might take as much as two weeks to heal fully. They’re characterised by vibrant redness, swelling, warmth and small blisters.


Extreme sunburns require a go to to a health care provider. These burns are accompanied by crimson to purplish discoloration, giant painful blisters and signs comparable to chills, nausea and dehydration.

Signs Of Sunburned Pores and skin

The signs of sunburned pores and skin embody:

  • Redness
  • Ache and/or tenderness
  • Warmth 
  • Itchiness
  • Swelling
  • Small blisters

Should you expertise any of the next signs, it is suggested that you simply go to a health care provider:

  • Fever
  • Faintness
  • Fast pulse
  • Nausea
  • Chills
  • Confusion
  • Giant, painful blisters

Threat Elements

Everybody reacts in a different way to solar publicity. There are a number of danger elements that may influence your susceptibility to sunburn:

  • A good complexion
  • Freckles and/or crimson hair
  • UV publicity between 10am and 4pm 
  • Excessive altitudes
  • Proximity to the equator
  • Drugs that trigger photosensitivity 

Levels Of A Sunburn

A typical sunburn follows three levels:

Stage 1: First 1-3 Hours

Within the first few hours after solar publicity, your physique reacts by growing blood stream to the affected space(s). This inflammatory response causes the pores and skin to turn out to be pink, swollen and heat to the contact.

Stage 2: First 24 Hours

It takes round 24 hours for the total results of a sunburn to set in. Because the pores and skin continues to carry onto warmth and discomfort, redness and ache peak and small blisters might start to pop up on the pores and skin’s floor.

Stage 3: 3-14 Days

The sunburn therapeutic course of can final from three days to 2 weeks. Throughout this time, the pores and skin begins to “normalize.” Redness, swelling and ache decline and the pores and skin might turn out to be itchy because it begins to peel and flake. 

Enjoyable reality: Are you aware why sunburned pores and skin peels? Sun damage accelerates skin cell turnover, shortening the period of time younger cells often need to mature and separate. Because of this, they stick collectively like sheets of tissue paper that peel off over the course of therapeutic.

Sunburn Stages Infographic

How To Defend Your Pores and skin

Fortunately, there are a number of methods you can defend your pores and skin earlier than, throughout and after solar publicity.

Earlier than Solar Publicity

Rule quantity one in every of solar safety: At all times apply a chemical or physical sunscreen. But, which one? Equally effective, they simply differ in their active ingredients and how they protect the skin. Chemical sunscreens are “absorbers” that convert UV rays into heat before releasing them from the skin. Physical sunscreens create a protective barrier that blocks and reflects UV rays before they make contact with the skin’s surface. Whether you decide to go the chemical or physical route, we recommend reaching for a broad-spectrum formula that will protect against both UVA and UVB rays.

What about SPF? SPF stands for “Sun Protection Factor” and measures how long your skin will be protected from UVB rays (and by extension, sunburn). For extended sun exposure, The Skin Cancer Foundation advises an SPF of 30, a protecting issue which filters out 97 % of the solar’s UV radiation. Apply a minimum of one teaspoon of sunscreen for every space of your physique to maintain it sufficiently protected – and don’t skip over simply forgotten areas just like the tops of the ears, the again of the neck and the palms and toes. Our Lilikoi Mineral Protection Sport Sunscreen SPF 30 is a superb possibility for those who’re energetic outside and Lilikoi Day by day Protection Moisturizer SPF 40 works properly for on a regular basis use.

Throughout Solar Publicity

Solar care doesn’t cease when you’ve utilized sunscreen. To keep away from solar injury, it’s essential that you simply proceed to guard your pores and skin all through the day. Listed here are a number of finest practices to remember:

  1. Search shade between the hours of 10am and 4pm, when UV rays are at their most intense.
  2. Beware reflective surfaces: Water, snow and sand mirror UV rays and improve the danger of sunburn.
  3. Cowl up with a wide-brimmed hat, sun shades and sun-protective clothes with a UPF (Ultraviolet Protecting Issue) 40 or extra.
  4. Reapply sunscreen a minimum of each two hours, or after 40 minutes for those who’re swimming or sweating.
  5. Head indoors on the first signal of sunburn.

After Solar Publicity: What Helps Sunburn?

We’ve all been there: You nod off on the seaside, spend a number of too many minutes by the pool or overlook to maintain monitor of your sunscreen utility. The ethical of the story is: Even for those who comply with the steps above, there’s no assure you’ll finish the day sunburn-free. Right here’s what to do while you get a sunburn.

Keep Hydrated: Inside & Out

Dermatologist Whitney Bowe, MD tells HuffPost: “Dangerous sunburns trigger a course of referred to as vasodilation, the place your blood vessels dilate and also you lose water out of your pores and skin in a short time.” To counteract the drying results of a sunburn, it’s best to drink loads of water and cargo up on hydrating fruit and veggies like cucumber, watermelon and cantaloupe. 

Cool Your Pores and skin Down

One other sunburn aid device is a cool bathtub or bathe to appease redness and dryness – however skip the cleaning soap, which may irritate scorched pores and skin. If cool water isn’t reducing it, apply a chilly compress to the burn. Pour water and ice right into a bowl, soak a material within the liquid and maintain it over the burn. Every of those strategies will assist take in warmth out of your pores and skin and reduce swelling.

Soothe & Restore Crimson, Dry Pores and skin

Sunburn can depart your pores and skin crimson, dry and uncooked. To restore dryness, attain for moisturizing oils and lotions that embody soothing substances comparable to rosemary, arnica and rosehip. And, avoid merchandise containing petroleum, an ingredient that may lock in warmth and exacerbate your signs.

How to improve the look of sunburn infographic

Don’t Choose Your Pores and skin

Palms off! It could be tempting, however don’t pull at, choose or exfoliate your sunburned pores and skin. Why? It’s already shedding by itself. As your pores and skin heals, wholesome pores and skin cells rise to the floor and the sun-damaged cells naturally flake and peel off. These new cells are delicate and inclined to irritation: Choosing and prodding will solely make your sunburn feel and appear worse and prolong the time it takes the affected pores and skin to heal.

Apply A Vitamin C Serum

One of many key culprits of untimely growing older is solar publicity. UV rays promote the manufacturing of free radicals, unstable and extremely reactive molecules that trigger injury to structural proteins like collagen and elastin. And not using a secure construction, pores and skin loses the quantity, density and bounce related to a youthful complexion.

You possibly can reduce the seen indicators of solar publicity by including a Vitamin C serum to your skincare routine. Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that helps defend cells from free radical injury. It additionally promotes collagen manufacturing within the pores and skin, serving to to attenuate the looks of positive traces and wrinkles. 

Get A Full Physique Therapy

If slathering your pores and skin in aloe vera isn’t doing the trick, e book an expert physique remedy at your favourite spa. Many spas supply after-sun companies designed to chill and calm crimson, dry pores and skin.

Tip: While you e book your appointment, remember to point out that you’re affected by sunburn so your esthetician can customise your remedy accordingly.

Substances You Ought to Use To Deal with Sunburn 

Our Product Help Crew recommends the next substances and merchandise for those who’re coping with sunburn. 

Aloe Vera

The gel of the aloe vera plant has been used for hundreds of years to deal with burns, cuts and pores and skin dryness. Aloe vera gel and juice include restorative properties that may be helpful for every type of thermal burns (accidents brought on by temperature adjustments), together with sunburn and frostbite.

Botanical Hyaluronic Acid 

To deal with each face and physique, contemplate a product that makes use of botanical hyaluronic acid, designed to appease dry, irritated pores and skin. This ingredient delivers intense hydration due to its multi-molecular weight, which absorbs into the pores and skin, delivers deep hydration and preserves moisture. Its hydrating energy leaves the pores and skin glowing and youthful trying.

Vitamin C And E 

Nutritional vitamins C and E are essential for solar injury pores and skin aid and restoration. Vitamin C is an antioxidant which fights free radical injury, stopping injury brought on by UV rays. Vitamin E visibly diminishes the looks of wrinkles and uneven pores and skin texture. Search for a skincare product that options each nutritional vitamins! Firstly, stabilized Vitamin C delivers optimum antioxidant advantages to enhance the pores and skin’s look. And second, Vitamin E reduces the looks of solar injury, positive traces and wrinkles.


Chamomile calms and balances pores and skin’s look. Based on Byrdie, chamomile has “anti-inflammatory properties” and protects towards “long-term and short-term pores and skin irritation.” Search for skincare choices that include this ingredient to enhance the looks of broken and dry pores and skin.

Stone Crop

Stone crop is a succulent that thrives in sizzling and dry desert situations. These vegetation retain moisture for prolonged durations as a result of they’ve tailored to receiving restricted quantities of water and retailer a excessive quantity of water content material of their leaves. In skincare, stone crop supplies hydration and likewise can soothe dry pores and skin from solar injury. 


Echinacea is a bunch of flowering vegetation loaded with plant compounds that perform as antioxidants. Antioxidants embody flavonoids, cichoric acid and rosmarinic acid, that are mentioned to guard and restore dry, broken pores and skin, in addition to give it a extra taut and agency look. Should you’re coping with sunburnt pores and skin, contemplate a product with echinacea, which is able to assist present aid.

Coconut Oil 

Does coconut oil assist sunburn? It has been used as a pure medicinal remedy for 1000’s of years. Right this moment we perceive that coconut oil is a moisturizer and antioxidant that restores the pores and skin’s moisture barrier and accommodates antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties. A skincare product formulated with coconut oil will enhance the looks of dry, dehydrated and solar broken pores and skin.

How do you defend your pores and skin from the solar? Share your ideas with us within the feedback and be part of the dialog on social media.

This text was initially written in August 2019.

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